The Nyiyaparli people filed an application for a determination of native title in September 2005 (Federal Court No WAD6280/98). That application was registered on the Native Title Register and as at December 2011 is currently in mediation.
The Nyiyaparli agreement covers some 36,684 square kilometres of land in the east Pilbara region and includes the mining town of Newman.
The Nyiyaparli community has approximately 300 members.
The agreement provides for continuing mining operations at Brickman 4, Mesa A, Mesa J, Hope Downs as well as any mines that Rio Tinto Iron Ore might establish in the future.
For their part, the Nyiyaparli Native Title Claim Group has negotiated a range of economic and non-economic benefits, including an income stream from mining on their lands, training and job opportunities, access to contracts for services for Rio Tinto and support for environmental and heritage activities (Yamatji Marlpa Aboriginal Corporation).
The agreements also include mine exclusion zones for the protection of significant sites, as well as water holes and ecologically sensitive areas.
A local Aboriginal corporation has being established to manage the agreement, and a broader regional corporation has also been established to advance the interests of the traditional owners in the Pilbara.