Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Providing Freehold) and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2015 (Qld)

Category: Legislation
Binomial Name: Queensland Government
Date: 1 January 2015
Sub Category:Legislation
Place:
State/Country:Queensland , Australia
Subject Matter:Access | Economic Development | Land Use | Local Government
URL: http://classic.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/qld/num_act/aatsilfaolaa2014n45852/
Summary Information:

The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Land (Providing Freehold) and Other Legislation Amendment Act 2014 (Qld) (the Act) introduced changes to the following pieces of legislation:

  • the Aboriginal Land Act 1991 (Qld);
  • the Aboriginal Land Regulation 2011 (Qld);
  • the Land Act 1994 (Qld);
  • theLand Valuation Act 2010(Qld);
  • the Torres Strait Islander Land Act 1991 (Qld); and
  • the Torres Strait Islander Regulation 2011 (Qld).

TheAct also repealed the Arukun and Mornington Shire Leases Act 1978 (Qld).

These changes impact upon Indigenous land tenure in Queensland,relating to ways in which Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people can use, transfer, borrow and manage land (Queensland Productivity Commission, 2017, p. 255).

Detailed Information:

Prior to the Act, Indigenous councils throughout Queensland generally held land under community control in trust for the benefit of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders.

Freehold Model

The most significant change to Indigenous land tenure in Queensland contained in the Act allows for the transformation from land held in trust to individual ownership, under Part 2A. The Act creates a mechanism for Indigenous councils to voluntarily transform this type of land ownership, referred to as the 'freehold model' (Cripps, 2014). Under the freehold model, Indigenous councils may consult with their communities and request the Minister to approve the grant of land, divided up into smaller portions for individuals. 

Note that the freehold model requires native title holders surrender all native title rights and interests. The process for this surrender is costly, and an Indigenous Land Use Agreement must be negotiated to transform the land to individual ownership (Warner and Geritz, 2014). 

Other Changes

Other key changes introduced by the Act include: 

  • simplifying the leasing framework for grants of leases that are not for home ownership, under s 122;
  • introducing valuation systems for rating purposes, under Chapter 4; and
  • allowing public access to beaches, under s 61.

The Minister for Natural Resources and Mines, in his second reading speech outlined the objects of the Act as being to 'remove barriers to home ownership and drive economic development' in Aboriginal and Torres Strait communities (Cripps, 2014).

The Queensland Government described the Act as an overdue step in the historical progression of land rights for First Nations people in Queensland (Cripps, 2014). This history began with the State holding land for the benefit of Indigenous communities, before moving to community control alongside native title rights and interests. The Act has added the option of individual ownership of land.


Related Entries

Legislation
  • Aboriginal Land Act 1991 (Qld)
  • Land Valuation Act 2010 (Qld)
  • Land Act 1994 (Qld)
  • Aboriginal Land Regulation 2011 (Qld)
  • Torres Strait Islander Land Act 1991 (Qld)
  • Torres Strait Islander Regulation 2011 (Qld)

  • References

    Report
    Clayton Utz (2014) In the eye of the freeholder: Indigenous communities now have the choice
    Publication
    Queensland Productivity Commission (2017) Land Tenure
    Hansard
    AP Cripps (2014) Explanatory Note

    Glossary

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Australia) | Aboriginal Land Trust (Queensland) (Australia) | Lease | Local Government | Native Title (Australia) | Torres Strait Islander Land Trust (Queensland) (Australia)