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Mamu Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreement (TUMRA)

Category: Agreement
Date: 25 June 2008
Sub Category:Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreement (TUMRA)
Place:Great Barrier Reef
State/Country:Queensland, Australia
The agreement area extends from Innisfail, between Townsville and Cairns, to the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. The area covers approx 1480 square kilometres of sea country.
Legal Status:

This TUMRA has been accredited by the Marine Park Authority in line with criteria in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 1983 (Reg. 10).

Alternative Names:
  • Mamu Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreement (TUMRA)
  • Mamu TUMRA
  • Subject Matter:Collaboration / Partnership | Cultural Heritage | Environmental Heritage | Fishing | Marine | Recognition of Native Title or Traditional Ownership | Recognition of Traditional Rights and Interests
    URL: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/our-partners/traditional-owners/traditional-use-of-marine-resources-agreements
    Summary Information:

    The Mamu Traditional Use Marine Resources Agreement (Mamu TUMRA) was agreed under the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 (The Act) between the Mamu People, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), the Queensland Environmental Protection Agency and the Australian and Queensland Government.

    A TUMRA is 'an agreement, developed in accordance with the regulations, by a traditional owner group, for the traditional use of marine resources in a site or area of the Marine Park' (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003).

    The Mamu TUMRA was signed in June 2008 following two years of discussions between the Mamu People and the GBRMPA.

    The agreement covers a large section of the Great Barrier Reef and coastal waters adjacent to Innisfail. The terms of the TUMRA were developed by the Traditional Owners and
    forwarded to the GBRMPA for accreditation in 2006. The TUMRA was accredited by the GBRMPA and the Queensland Environment Protection Agency at a meeting held in 2008 (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, 2008, 44).

    The objective of the agreement is to enhance the elaboration and coordination of the respective resource management strategies and activities of Traditional Owners and the GBRMPA within the relevant section of the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. The various programs established under the agreement promote the sustainability of marine animals
    and resources within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park, against threats such as development, habitat degradation, netting, pollution and tourism. The agreement also supports Traditional Owners in maintaining their cultural connections with the sea country while ensuring their traditional activities are sustainable.

    The Mamu TUMRA has a Committee of Traditional Owners to manage the agreement.

    Detailed Information:

    TUMRA Background:

    For traditional owners, the spiritual relationship with country has been likened to that with a member of the family: to be loved, nurtured, cared for and above all, respected (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 3).
    The activities associated with the traditional use of marine resources have great significance and express the continuance of long cultural traditions.

    Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreements (TUMRAs) are a new type of legal instrument that describes how Traditional Owner groups wish to manage the traditional use of marine resources (Department of Environment and Heritage, 2004, 3).

    The Indigenous Land and Sea Country Partnerships Program is a $20 million investment in Traditional Owner management of the Great Barrier Reef. The program was created to provide resources and funds for the development and implementation of Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreements, such as the Mamu TUMRA. The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003 established a new framework where GBRMPA and traditional owners segregate different areas or 'zones' of sea country so they can be utilised for specific purposes. The new framework compliments existing community-based measures developed by Traditional Owner Groups to protect marine life while ensuring entitlements enshrined in the Native Title Act 1993 are recognised. The new framework replaces old Zoning Plans and gives more power to traditional owners in managing the reef's resources (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 5).
    Under the previous regulatory management approach, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people needed to apply for permits to undertake traditional activities like fishing, collecting and hunting in the Marine Park (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 6).
    In discussing the creation of the Mamu TUMRA, Traditional Owners advised they not only wanted to alter the permit system for traditional activities, additionally, they wanted to develop and manage their own community-based plans for preservation of the Reef.

    Traditional use of marine resources encompass: fishing, collecting, hunting and gathering.

    Traditional use of marine resource activities can only be conducted in accordance with s 211 of the Native Title Act 1993, the PCCC Regional TUMRA or as permitted in writing by the GBRMPA.

    As part of the new framework, only 'traditional owners' can undertake traditional use of marine resources. The Act includes various provisions that impose penalties for individuals who breach zones and management procedures.

    Details of the Agreement:

    The Mamu Traditional Owners and GBRMPA are working together to integrate modern marine management and traditional knowledge to ensure sustainability of the environment, while preserving traditional customs and connection to sea country.

    Mamu Traditional Owners undertake traditional use of marine resource activities under the TUMRA to:

    • educate younger generations about traditional rules, protocols, practices and activities on sea country
    • practice their living maritime culture
    • provide traditional food for families
    • provide employment and business opportunities for their community

    The agreement area is divided into eight zones, each designed to obtain and preserve a different goal: (a) the General Use Zone; (b) the Habitat Protection Zone; (c) the Conservation Park Zone; (d) the Buffer Zone; (e) the Scientific Research Zone; (f) the Marine National Park Zone; (g) the Preservation Zone; (h) the Commonwealth Islands Zone.

    For further information on these arrangements follow the link to the Great Barrier Reef Management Authority below.

    Native Title Provisions

    Native Title in the Agreement Area

    This agreement is within the area of the native title determination Brooks on behalf of the Mamu People v State of Queensland (No 4) [2013] FCA 1453 (FCA file no.: QUD6014/2001, NNTT file no.: QCD2013/005).


    Related Entries

    Agreement
  • Brooks on behalf of the Mamu People v State of Queensland (No 4) [2013] FCA 1453
  • Organisation
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority - Signatory
  • Environmental Protection Agency (Queensland) - Signatory
  • State of Queensland - Signatory
  • Commonwealth of Australia - Signatory
  • Legislation
  • Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 (Cth)
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 1983 (Cth)
  • People
  • Mamu People

  • References

    Media Release
    Department of the Environment and Heritage Working Together to Improve Indigenous Land Management
    Report
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2007) A Reef Wide Framework for Managing Traditional Use of Marine Resources in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2003) Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003
    Resource
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), World Heritage Committee (1972) Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
    Resource Section
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2020) Traditional Use of Marine Resource Agreement Summary

    Glossary

    Native Title (Australia) | Aboriginal Corporation (Australia) | Framework Agreement | Native Title Registers | Native Title Holders (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | Local Government | Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreements | Indigenous Partnership | Indigenous Protected Area (Australia)

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