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Port Curtis Coral Coast Regional Traditional Use Marine Resources Agreement (TUMRA)

Category: Agreement
Date: 1 August 2011
Sub Category:Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreement (TUMRA)
Place:Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
State/Country:Queensland, Australia
The agreement covers sea country bounded by the coastline from Burrum Heads, South of Bundaberg, north to Fitzroy River, and includes Curtis Island off Gladstone. The agreement covers approx 26,386 square km.
Legal Status:

The Marine Park Authority has accredited this TUMRA, on 30 April 2011, in line with the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 1983 (Cth) (Reg. 10).

Alternative Names:
  • Port Curtis Coral Coast Regional TUMRA
  • PCCC Regional TUMRA
  • Subject Matter:Collaboration / Partnership | Cultural Heritage | Environmental Heritage | Fishing | Marine | Recognition of Native Title or Traditional Ownership | Recognition of Traditional Rights and Interests
    URL: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/our-partners/traditional-owners/traditional-use-of-marine-resources-agreements
    Summary Information:

    The Port Curtis Coral Coast Regional Traditional Use Marine Resources Agreement (PCCC TUMRA) is an agreement made under the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 (the Act).

    The PCCC TUMRA was made between:

    • the Port Curtis Coral Coast Trust (PCCC Trust), representing four Traditional Owner groups: the Gooreng Gooreng, Bailai, Gurang, and Taribelang Bunda;
    • the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA); and
    • the Queensland Government.

    A TUMRA is 'an agreement, developed in accordance with the [Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 1983 (Cth)], by a traditional owner group, for the traditional use of marine resources in a site or area of the Marine Park' (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003).

    Each TUMRA has a committee to manage the agreement and activities involving protected species.

    The PCC TUMRA has a TUMRA Working Group and a Steering Committee chaired by the PCCC Traditional Owners The Committee manages the agreement and various programs executed under its authority.

    Purpose of the PCCC TUMRA

    The PCCC TUMRA aims to increase the sustainability of marine animals and resources in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park while allowing for its reasonable use by humans. Protecting against threats such as coastal development, habitat degradation, boat strikes, netting, sedimentation, pollution, and tourism. 

    The TUMRA supports Traditional Owners in maintaining their cultural connection with the sea country while ensuring that their practice of traditional activities is sustainable. Cooperative management arrangements and sea country partnerships are some of the activities that the PCCC Traditional Owners are involved in.

    The Gidarjil Development Corporation (RNTBC)

    The Gidarjil Development Corporation (RNTBC) has acted as an agent for the PCCC Traditional Owners as the prescribed body corporate. It performs functions under the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) in relation to native title, cultural heritage, and land and sea interests.

    Detailed Information:

    Background of the TUMRA framework

    For Traditional Owners, the spiritual relationship with country has been compared to the relationship one has to family; meaning it is a relationship to be loved, nurtured, cared for and above all, respected (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 3).

    The Indigenous Land and Sea Country Partnerships Program is a $20 million investment in Traditional Owner management of the Great Barrier Reef. The program was created to provide resources and funds for the development and implementation of TUMRAs, such as the PCCC TUMRA.

    Under the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003 a new framework was established to segregate different 'zones' of sea country so they can be used for specific purposes. The new framework complements existing community-based measures developed by Traditional Owner Groups to protect marine life while ensuring entitlements enshrined in the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth) are recognised. The new framework replaces old zoning plans and gives more power to Traditional Owners in managing the reef's resources (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 5).

    Under the previous approach, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people in the Marine Park needed to apply for permits to undertake traditional activities like fishing, collecting, and hunting (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 6). In negotiating the PCCC TUMRA, the PCCC Traditional Owners wanted to alter the permit system and develop and manage their own community-based plans for the preservation of the Reef.

    Details of the PCCC TUMRA

    The PCCC Regional TUMRA was developed under the Reef Rescue Land and Sea Country Indigenous Partnerships Program, which was designed to enable the creation of TUMRAs that provide guidelines for equal negotiations.

    The GBRMPA and Traditional Owners are working together to integrate modern marine management and traditional knowledge to ensure the sustainability of the environment while preserving traditional customs and connection to sea country.

    Aboriginal and
    Torres Strait Islander people from the four PCCC Traditional Owner groups undertake traditional use of marine resource activities to:

    • educate younger generations about traditional rules, protocols, practices and activities on sea country;
    • practice their living maritime culture; and
    • provide traditional food for families.

    The PCCC Traditional Owners' TUMRA Working Group and Steering Committee have management processes to enable the effective management of sea country, including:

    1. facilitating workshops between Traditional Owners and government agencies; 
    2. developing strategies for cultural and environmental preservation;
    3. developing culturally appropriate policies that reflect Traditional Owner cultural and heritage values, rights, aspirations and responsibilities
      for sea country;
    4. distributing posters, newsletters, fact sheets and information to increase awareness of relationships;
    5. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander membership on the Board of the Marine Park and Advisory Committees; and
    6. creating Sea Country Partnership Programs for Aboriginal and Torres Strait
      Islander people to manage and preserve the sea country.

    Under this new approach, traditional use of marine resource activities can only be conducted in accordance with s 211 of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)the PCCC TUMRA, or as permitted in writing by the GBRMPA. Only Traditional Owners can undertake traditional use of marine resources. The Act includes various provisions that impose penalties for individuals who breach zones and management procedures.

    In accordance with the PCCC TUMRA, the hunting of dugong is not allowed in the agreement area. The Steering Committee is responsible for authorising hunting permits. Traditional Owners may capture one Green Turtle per person per fishing expedition.

    PCCC TUMRA area

    The agreement area is divided into eight zones, each designed to obtain and preserve a different goal: (a) the General Use Zone; (b) the Habitat Protection Zone; (c) the Conservation Park Zone; (d) the Buffer Zone; (e) the Scientific Research Zone; (f) the Marine National Park Zone; (g) the Preservation Zone; (h) the Commonwealth Islands Zone.

    Native Title Provisions

    Native Title in the Agreement Area

    This agreement is within the area of the native title determination Blackman on behalf of the Bailai, Gurang, Gooreng Gooreng, Taribelang Bunda People v State of Queensland (No 3) [2017] FCA 1637 (FCA file no.: QUD6026/2001, NNTT file no.: QCD2017/010).

    The Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003 (14) recognises that under section 211 of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth), a native title holder may hunt, fish, or gather any species in the exercise or enjoyment of their native title rights and interests for the purpose of personal, domestic or non-commercial communal purposes without having a permit or being included within a TUMRA. Native title holders cannot exercise these rights freely where legislation requires that a permit to fish in the area is needed. 


    Related Entries

    Agreement
  • Blackman on behalf of the Bailai, Gurang, Gooreng Gooreng, Taribelang Bunda People v State of Queensland (No 3) [2017] FCA 1637
  • Organisation
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority - Signatory
  • State of Queensland
  • Gidarjil Cultural Heritage Corporation
  • Commonwealth of Australia - Signatory
  • Gurang Land Council (Aboriginal Corporation)
  • First Nations Bailai, Gurang, Gooreng Gooreng, Taribelang Bunda People Aboriginal Corporation RNTBC
  • Legislation
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 1983 (Cth)
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 (Cth)
  • Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)
  • Native Title Amendment Act 1998 (Cth)
  • People
  • Port Curtis Coral Coast Native Title Claim Group - Signatory
  • Gooreng Gooreng People
  • Gurang People
  • Taribelang Bunda People
  • Bailai People
  • Colin Johnson and others on behalf of the Port Curtis Coral Coast Native Title Claim Group
  • Selwyn James Appo and others on their own behalf and on behalf of the Port Curtis Coral Coast Native Title Claim Group
  • Kerry Blackman, Dean Sarra, Lurleen Blackman, Richard Johnson,Nat Minniecon, Matthew Cooke, Neville Johnson on behalf of the Port Curtis Coral Coast People
  • Kerry Blackman, Dean Sarra, Lurleen Blackman, Richard Johnson, Nathanael Minniecon and Matthew Cooke on their own behalf and on behalf of the Bailai, Gurang, Gooreng Gooreng, Taribelang Bunda People

  • References

    Media Release
    Department of the Environment and Heritage Working Together to Improve Indigenous Land Management
    Report
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2007) A Reef Wide Framework for Managing Traditional Use of Marine Resources in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2003) Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003
    Resource
    Message Stick Online (2005) Qld: Pioneering Indigenous Partnerships Initiative - A New Way of Doing Business
    World Vision Australia (2006) Indigenous Partnerships
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), World Heritage Committee (1972) Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
    United Nations International Law Commission United Nations Convention on the Continental Shelf
    Resource Section
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2020) Traditional Use of Marine Resource Agreement Summary

    Glossary

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Australia) | Aboriginal Corporation (Australia) | Framework Agreement | Local Government | Native Title (Australia) | Registered Native Title Body Corporate (RNTBC) (Native Title Act) (Australia) | Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreements | Native Title Holders (Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)) (Australia) | Indigenous Partnership | Indigenous Protected Area (Australia) | Native Title Registers

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