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Yuku-Baja-Muliku Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreement (TUMRA)

Category: Agreement
Date: 1 June 2012
Sub Category:Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreement (TUMRA)
Place:Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
State/Country:Queensland, Australia
The agreement covers the area from Archer Point to Forsberg Point, Cooktown and the Commonwealth Rocky Island and covers approx 1088 square kilometres of land and sea country.
Legal Status: The Marine Park Authority accredited this TUMRA in line with the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 1983 (Cth) (Reg. 10).
Alternative Names:
  • Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA
  • Subject Matter:Collaboration / Partnership | Cultural Heritage | Environmental Heritage | Fishing | Marine | Recognition of Native Title or Traditional Ownership | Recognition of Traditional Rights and Interests
    URL: http://www.gbrmpa.gov.au/our-partners/traditional-owners/traditional-use-of-marine-resources-agreements
    Summary Information:

    The Yuku-Baja-Muliku Traditional Use Marine Resources Agreement (Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA) is an agreement made under the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 (Cth) (the Act).

    The Yaku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA was made between:

    • Yuku-Baja-Muliku Landowner and Reserves Ltd;
    • the Yuku-Baja-Muliku Land Trust;
    • the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA); and
    • the Australian and Queensland Governments.

    A TUMRA is 'an agreement, developed in accordance with the [Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 1983 (Cth)], by a traditional owner group, for the traditional use of marine resources in a site or area of the Marine Park' (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003).

    Each TUMRA has a committee to manage the agreement and related activities.

    The Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA has a standing committee, chaired by the Yuku-Baja-Muliku Traditional Owners, that manages the TUMRA and related activities, including:

    • operating a turtle rescue and rehabilitation centre at Archer Point;
    • providing resources for their Yuku-Baja-Muliku Ranger Program;
    • updating their skills with training certificates;
    • monitoring seagrass, pest and weed control;
    • conducting land and sea patrols;
    • completing flora and fauna surveys;
    • developing visitor infrastrcture to keep sacred sites sacred; and
    • establishing cultural management plans for the Cairns, Archer Point, and Cooktown areas.

    The Yuku-Baja-Muliku people believe these initiatives provide opportunities for community involvement in protecting cultural sites such as the reef.

    Purpose of the Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA

    The Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA aims to increase the sustainability of marine animals and resources within the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park.

    The Yuku-Baja-Muliku people's understanding of the many food, medicinal and resource uses of plants and animals contributed to the GBRMPA decision to accredit the agreement (Yuku-Baja-Muliku, Welcome).

    By establishing partnerships and cooperative management arrangements, the Yuku-Baja-Muliku Traditional Owners hope younger generations can benefit from the conservation of the area, maintaining their culture for years to come (Yuku-Baja-Muliku, Objectives).

    Yuku-Baja-Muliku Landowner and Reserves Ltd and the Yuku-Baja-Muliku Land Trust

    The Yuku-Baja-Muliku Landowner and Reserves Ltd and the Yuku-Baja-Muliku Land Trust act as agents for the Yuku-Baja-Muliku Traditional Owners to perform functions specified under the Native Title Act 1993 in relation to native title, cultural heritage, and land and sea interests. 

    Detailed Information:

    Background of the TUMRA framework

    For traditional owners, the spiritual relationship with country has been compared to the relationship one has to family; meaning it is a relationship to be loved, nurtured, cared for and above all, respected (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 3)

    The Indigenous Land and Sea Country Partnerships Program is a $20 million investment in Traditional Owner management of the Great Barrier Reef. The program was created to provide resources and funds for the development and implementation of TUMRAs, such as the Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA.

    Under the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003, a new framework was established to segregate different 'zones' of sea country so they can be used for specific purposes. The new framework complements existing community-based measures developed by Traditional Owner Groups to protect marine life while ensuring entitlements enshrined in the Native Title Act 1993 are recognised. The new framework replaces old zoning plans and gives more power to Traditional Owners in managing the reef's resources (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 5).

    Under the previous approach, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were required to apply for permits to undertake traditional activities like fishing, collecting, and hunting in the Marine Park (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority 2007, 6). In negotiating the Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA, Traditional Owners wanted to create a new system that would ensure the traditional use of marine resources was sustainable long-term. Additionally, the Yuku-Baja-Muliku people wanted to develop and manage their own community-based plans for the preservation of the Reef.

    Details of the Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA

    Under the Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA, the GBRMPA and Traditional Owners cooperate to integrate modern marine management and traditional knowledge to ensure the sustainability of the environment, whilst preserving traditional customs and connection to sea country.

    The main objectives of the TUMRA are to:

    • provide a professional service in caring for country, in accordance with Yuku-Baja-Muliku laws, culture, customs, and best practice;
    • create job opportunities;
    • establish business opportunities and establish private enterprises;
    • enhance, promote and develop businesses and programs;
    • provide opportunities for community involvement and promoting the empowerment of people; and
    • work professionally with other organisations and government agencies to achieve positive outcomes for land and sea management (Yuku-Baja-Muliku, Objectives).

    The Yuku-Baja-Muliku Cultural Heritage Program monitors places of cultural significance, which are photographed, recorded and entered into a database.

    The Ranger Program provides real jobs and skills development, representing the Yuku-Baja-Muliku people's dream to return to country. By focusing on land and sea management, the Yuku-Baja-Muliku diversify their income by engaging in contracting services with national parks, councils, ecosystem services, visitor infrastructure and neighbouring land-holding bodies (Yuku-Baja-Muliku, Cultural Management).

    Yuku-Baja-Muliku Traditional Owners can legally take turtles and dugong by exercising their rights under s 211 of the Native Title Act 1993 (Cth). However, the Yuku-Baja-Muliku people have chosen, through this TUMRA, to prohibit this activity until a new permit system is in place to ensure effective management and sustainability of the resource (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, Traditional Use of Marine Resource Agreements Summary).

    Yuku-Baja-Muliku TUMRA area

    The agreement area is divided into eight zones, each designed to obtain and preserve a different goal: (a) the General Use Zone; (b) the Habitat Protection Zone; (c) the Conservation Park Zone; (d) the Buffer Zone; (e) the Scientific Research Zone; (f) the Marine National Park Zone; (g) the Preservation Zone; (h) the Commonwealth Islands Zone.


    Related Entries

    Organisation
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority - Signatory
  • State of Queensland - Signatory
  • Commonwealth of Australia - Signatory
  • Queensland Parks & Wildlife Service
  • Yuku-Baja-Muliku Landowner and Reserves Ltd
  • Yuku Baja Muliku Land Trust
  • Legislation
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Regulations 1983 (Cth)
  • Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Act 1975 (Cth)
  • Native Title Act 1993 (Cth)
  • Native Title Amendment Act 1998 (Cth)

  • References

    Media Release
    Department of the Environment and Heritage Working Together to Improve Indigenous Land Management
    Report
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2007) A Reef Wide Framework for Managing Traditional Use of Marine Resources in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2003) Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Zoning Plan 2003
    Resource
    United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), World Heritage Committee (1972) Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage
    Yuku-Baja-Muliku (Archer Point) Land Trust (2018) What We Do
    Yuku-Baja-Muliku (Archer Point) Land Trust (2018) Our Objectives
    Yuku-Baja-Muliku (Archer Point) Land Trust (2018) Welcome
    Yuku-Baja-Muliku (Archer Point) Land Trust (2018) Cultural Management
    Resource Section
    Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (2020) Traditional Use of Marine Resource Agreement Summary

    Glossary

    Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (Australia) | Aboriginal Corporation (Australia) | Framework Agreement | Local Government | Native Title (Australia) | Traditional Use Marine Resource Agreements | Indigenous Partnership | Indigenous Protected Area (Australia)

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